1. Drink plenty of water
On an average, a person should drink 6 to 8 glasses (1.2 liters) of water every day to avoid getting dehydrated. The body demands more water when we work hard or the weather is warm. However, one should refrain from drinking soft and fizzy drinks, which contain high amount of sugar. We lose some amount of water every day from our body by way of perspiration, respiration and urination. Therefore, we should replace this to stay healthy.
2. Do not skip breakfast
Skipping breakfast is bad for health. Breakfast is an essential meal of the day, which not only gives us the energy we require through the day but also a lot of minerals and vitamins we need for good health. There have been instances which suggest that people can even control their weight by eating breakfast. Therefore, for a healthy start to the day one should take a glass of fruit juice along with a bowl of wholegrain cereal with some low-fat milk.
3. Eat lots of fruits and vegetables
Everyone is aware of the fact that we should eat more vegetables and fruits. However, most of us do not eat enough. We should try and eat minimum 5 different kinds of vegetables and fruits every day. We can also add up the portions in a day. For example, we can have a banana or a glass of juice along with cereal at breakfast and a mixture of fruit and vegetable salad at lunch. As an afternoon snack, you can have a pear and for your evening meal vegetables or a portion of peas.
4. Eat less salt
Adults and children over 11, on an average, should not consume more than 6gm of salt in a day. People do not add salt to their food and think that they do not eat much salt. However, the food we buy already contains enough salt, like soups, ready meals, sauces and breakfast cereals. So, without realizing you could actually be eating too much salt.
5. Eat less sugar
People across the globe consume a lot of sugar. We should not eat food items that contain added sugar. In fact, consumption of soft and sugary drinks should be avoided. Consuming too much sugar leads to a lot of problems like weight gain, tooth decay, increase in cholesterol etc.
6. Prefer to eat starchy foods
Starchy foods form a very important part of our daily diet. Foods high in starch like pasta, cereals, bread, rice and potatoes are very good for health. They provide good energy and nutrients to our body. Therefore, starchy foods should form a part of our daily meal.
7. Eating fish
Apart from fish being rich in proteins, it is also rich in minerals and vitamins. A person should strive to eat at least 2 pieces of fish daily. One can use either frozen, canned or regular fish. At the same time, one should remember that smoked fish contains salt. There is a variety of fish people can choose from.
8. Be active and have a healthy weight
It is not advisable to be either overweight or underweight. Being overweight can lead to health problems such as high blood pressure, diabetes or heart disease. At the same time, being underweight can also affect your health. You can take advice from your dietician in case you are worried about your weight. However, if you think you just need to lose a little weight, the main things to remember are eat less, eat right and be active. Physical activity helps control weight and is also a good way of using up extra calories.